Each year many children became victims of child abuse that was committed by adults who were supposed to protect and care them.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 2010, more than 3.6 million children were subject of at least one report and received one or more dispositions.
1/5 of children who received investigations were found to have been victims of maltreatment.
More than 81% of victims were maltreated by a parent. The youngest children were found to be the most venerable.
34% of victims are age between less than 1 year old and 3 years old. 23.4% of children were between 4 and 7. 18.7% are between 8 and 11. 17.3% are between 12 and 15. 6.2 % are between 16 and 17. 0.4% were unknown.
44.8 % of victims were White, 21.9% was African American, 21.4% was Hispanic, 6.3% was unknown, 3.5% was multiple race, 1.1% was American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.9% was Asian, 0.2% was Pacific Islander.
78.3% of abuse cases was neglect, 17.6% was physical abuse, 10.3% was other, 9.2% was sexual abuse, 8.1% was psychological maltreatment, 2.4% was medical neglect, 0.3% was Unknown.
Identified risk factors to be victims were mental retardation, emotional disturbance, visual or hearing impairment, learning disability, physical disability, behavioral problems, or another medical problem.
In some cases, tragically children died because of the act of abuse. Nationally 1,560 children died from abuse and neglect each year.
"The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), (42 U.S.C. §5101), as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, retained the existing definition of child abuse and neglect as, at a minimum:
Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm" (the US Department of Health and Human Services, 2010).
Four major types of maltreatment are neglect, physical abuse, psychological maltreatment, and sexual abuse.
If you suspect that children in your neighbor may be abused, please call 911 or social service in your county. It is our responsibility to protect children in our society.
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